Sperm Donation

Who Can Get a Sperm Donation?

Sperm donations are necessary for males who have zero sperm count or poor sperm morphology that prevents them from producing viable sperm. (You can look at our article about Azoospermia)
Males who have had Mumps or other illnesses from a young age involving high temperatures can have certain issues with their fertility. Males who were born with ascended testicles require an operation, as when the testicles develop in the abdomen during pregnancy, they then drop down into the scrotum. Sometimes, part of the fetal structure fails to detach from the abdomen, resulting in an upward pull on the testicle. This then requires surgery in order to return the testicle.

Cancer patients who have undergone chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery on the testicles may have sperm donation as their only option. Anabolic medication such as steroids can also lead to the deterioration of sperm. This is because of the way it can affect the tissue in the testicles vulnerably.

sperm donation
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“There is unfortunately no treatment to improve sperm quality or quantity.”

These patients who have poor sperm quality or no sperm can have their own child using donated sperm. Before concluding that sperm donation is the only option, there are other fertility treatments that attempt to gain better quality of sperm.

Masturbation is the first option when obtaining a viable sperm sample. The sperm sample may show no sperm or low motility sperm. In that case, with the guidance of a urologist, who can perform a prostate massage, we collect sperm and view them under a microscope for viable cells. If this is unsuccessful, surgery is necessary. There are different techniques available such as TESE, microTESE, TESA, MESA and PESA. We offer these procedures at Crown IVF clinic, and have succeeded time and time again in obtaining viable sperm samples.


How Do Sperm Donations Work?

When couples choose to have a child through a sperm donation, at Crown IVF we first provide them information about the donor sperm details. These involve blood tests and the risks involved with treatment. Before beginning treatment, couples are obliged to sign a contract stating that they are both consenting and that they are satisfied with the information. In the first instance, we give more detailed information to the couples about sperm donations and the donor sperm. Details of the donor sperm are the screening results and the quality of the sperm. After these papers have been signed, the couple prepares for treatment.

With Sperm Donations, IVF or IUI is Applied

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the more detailed option of the two. We lead the female’s hormone stimulation to increase the number of eggs, and once the eggs are ready, we collect them. Afterwards, we carry out ICSI with the donor sperm to prepare the embryos for the transfer.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) with donated sperm involves a laboratory procedure to separate fast moving sperm from more sluggish or non-moving sperm After that, we inseminate it into the female during once ovulation begins. IUI carries a success of 20%.

Sperm Bank

When sperm donation was introduced to Cyprus, our collaboration with Cryos International Sperm Bank in Denmark began. Cryos are an accredited sperm bank that provide a wide choice of sperm from donors and work up to European standards.

Tests For Sperm Donors

Sperm donor candidates are screened for genetic diseases and other detailed tests such as the screening for sexual transmitted diseases. Also carried out are psychological tests, family characteristics, and recording physical traits. Once these are successfully passed by the candidate, only then can they become a sperm donor.


List of Tests for Sperm Donors

  • Medical history of family
  • Chromosome test
  • Psychological profiling
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Drug use
  • HIV
  • HTLV
  • Hepatitis B and C
  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Chlamydia
  • CMV Cytomegalovirus
  • Thalassemia

Once these tests are performed and they meet the necessary criterion, we take the sperm sample from the donor, and wash and separate them into vials. The sample is then frozen. We ask the donors to undergo the same blood tests again after 6 months. If the testing confirms once again that all is clear, the sperm bank can then sell the sperm samples. Cryos have a particular criterion with their sperm donors producing good quality sperm, but a successful pregnancy is also dependent on the female as well. If the mother is also a good candidate and responds positively to treatment, then the chances of successful pregnancy is over 60%.

How is Sperm Donation Done?

Sperm donation is a fertility treatment option used by couples who want to have a child. Some couples may have difficulty conceiving due to fertility problems. In this case, sperm donation can be considered as an option. In this article, you can learn all the details you are curious about regarding sperm donation.

What is Sperm Donation?

Sperm donation is a method used for couples who want to have a child. In this method, a man donates his own sperm to a sperm bank as a donor. These sperm banks store these sperm after washing and freezing them. Then, these frozen sperm can be used in the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Who is Sperm Donation Applied to?

Sperm donation can be applied to couples who have difficulty conceiving due to various reasons. These reasons include low sperm count in men, low mobility of sperm, abnormal shape of sperm, genetic diseases, and fertility problems caused by a previous infection.

What Donors Need to Do for Sperm Donation

Donors who want to donate sperm need to undergo various tests. These tests include family history, psychological profile, HIV risk, drug use, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, CMV, cystic fibrosis, thalassemia, chromosome testing, and more.

After passing these tests, the sperm sample is taken from the donor and goes through the washing process, and the tubes are divided and frozen. After 6 months from the completion of the freezing process, donors are called back for tests related to infectious diseases. If everything is alright, the bank sells these sperms.

Sperm Donation Process

The process of sperm donation starts when couples contact a sperm bank. The sperm bank provides donor profiles to the couples and allows them to make a selection. After the selection is made, the preparations for the IVF process begin.

Donor Selection and Tests

Sperm banks perform a series of tests before selecting donor candidates. The purpose of these tests is to determine whether the donor is healthy with respect to infectious diseases.

The donors’ family history, medical history, psychological profile, and sexual behaviors are examined. In addition, tests are performed for diseases such as HIV, HTLV, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia, CMV (Cytomegalovirus), cystic fibrosis, and thalassemia. Donors are also subjected to genetic tests to check whether their chromosomes are normal.

Sperm Donation Process

Sperm samples are taken from donors who have passed the tests, and are then subjected to a washing process, after which they are divided into tubes and frozen. After 6 months, the donors are called back and tests for infectious diseases are repeated. If everything is okay, the bank offers these sperms for sale.

Who is Suitable for Sperm Donation?

Sperm donation is used when couples are unable to have children due to biological reasons or genetic disorders. In addition, it is seen as an option for LGBT+ individuals to have children.

Due to the donors passing the tests, the success rate of sperm donation is higher than that of in vitro fertilization. However, the chance of pregnancy can vary depending on factors such as the age of the mother and the number of eggs. Under appropriate conditions, the chance of pregnancy is around 60% like a normal in vitro fertilization.

In conclusion, sperm donation is a method used to help couples or individuals who want to have children. The tests performed for this process help prevent infectious diseases and increase the chances of success.

Why Should Sperm Donation be Done in Cyprus?

Superior Quality Health Services

Cyprus is a destination that offers superior quality health services in medical tourism. It has also proven its expertise in the field of sperm donation. Sperm banks carefully select and rigorously test samples from donor candidates, resulting in high-quality treatments using the sperm of healthy and genetically suitable donors.

High Success Rates

Cyprus stands out as a sperm donation center known for its high success rates. This is due to superior quality services, experienced doctors, and legal regulations. Medical tourism and the healthcare sector are legally regulated in Cyprus and offer services of high standards.

Advanced Medical Infrastructure

Cyprus achieves successful results in sperm donation through its advanced medical infrastructure. High-tech devices and equipment enable the more effective processing and storage of donor sperm, leading to the acquisition of higher-quality sperm and successful outcomes.


Sperm donation is a method used to fulfill the dreams of couples or individuals who wish to have children. However, using high-quality and healthy sperm is crucial for this process. Cyprus provides an ideal option for those who want to have children with its superior quality health services, high success rates, and advanced medical infrastructure.

  1. What tests are done on sperm donors before their sperm is used?
    Before a sperm donor’s sperm is used, they undergo a series of tests to determine if they are healthy and free from infectious diseases. These tests include screening for HIV, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, chlamydia, and other sexually transmitted infections. Donors are also tested for genetic conditions and chromosomal abnormalities.
  2. How is sperm donation done?
    Sperm donation involves a donor providing a sample of their sperm, which is then processed and frozen for future use. The sperm can be used in a variety of fertility treatments, including in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI).
  3. Who is a suitable candidate for sperm donation?
    Sperm donation can be a suitable option for couples who are unable to conceive naturally due to fertility issues or genetic disorders. It can also be used by individuals or same-sex couples who want to have children.
  4. Is sperm donation safe?
    Sperm donation is generally considered safe, as donors undergo rigorous testing to ensure that they are healthy and free from infectious diseases. However, there may be some risks associated with the procedure, such as infection or discomfort during the sperm retrieval process.
  5. How successful is sperm donation in achieving pregnancy?
    The success rate of sperm donation in achieving pregnancy can vary depending on factors such as the age of the recipient, the number of eggs available, and the quality of the sperm. In general, the success rate for using donor sperm in IVF is around 50-60%, while the success rate for IUI is slightly lower at around 20%.
  6. Can sperm donors remain anonymous?
    In some countries, sperm donors are allowed to remain anonymous, while in others they are required to provide identifying information. The laws regarding donor anonymity vary depending on the country and region.

For more information on Sperm Donations, contact us via form or WhatsApp!

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